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June 5, 2020
Vol 47, Page 1



What They Say?

"Someone's sitting in the shade today because someone planted a tree a long time ago."

— Warren Buffett


Environment Protection in Mahabharata

छायामन्यस्यकुर्वन्तिस्वयंतिष्ठन्तिचातपे | फलान्यपिपरार्थायवॄक्षा: सत्पुरूषाइव ||

The trees make shade for others, themselves standing in the Sun. (Their) fruits are also for others. (Hence) the trees are like ‘satpurush’ (saintly men and women).

मावनंछिन्धिसव्याघ्रंमाव्याघ्रा: नीनशन्वनात् | वनंहिरक्ष्यतेव्याघ्रौ: व्याघ्रान्रक्षतिकाननम् ||

Don’t destroy the forest where tigers are living. Tigers should not get extinguished from the forests. Forest is protected by the tiger (People don’t cut trees in the forest for fear of tigers) and by providing a place to hide, the forest too protects the tiger!

मूलंभुजंगै: शिखरंविहंगै: ज्ञन्ब्स्प;ज्ञन्ब्स्प; शाखांप्लवंगै: कुसुमानिभॄंगै: | आश्चर्यमेतत्खलुचन्दनस्यज्ञन्ब्स्प;ज्ञन्ब्स्प; परोपकारायसतांविभूतय: ||

Roots of the sandalwood tree form a shelter for the snakes, on it’s top birds take rest, on its branches monkeys are playing and one can find bee’s on it’s flowers. Really, the ultimate aim of the good (‘sajjan’) people is to offer helping hands to others (‘paropkar’)!


XKCD Comic Courtesy: XKCD.COM
This Day for You - June 5


World Environment Day - United Nations, back in 1974, “reaffirming the responsibility of the international community to take action to preserve and enhance the environment and, in particular, the need for continuous international co-operation to this end,” in simple words to simply create a global community to take action in favour of environment, marked the World Environment Day on June 5.
Check out a fun quiz in The UN Social!

Must Catch:

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse: When: Today, 23:15 pm - 02:34 am IST, Reaches maximum at 00:54 am, June 6.

What to know: A penumbral lunar eclipse happens when the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are imperfectly aligned. In this case, the Earth blocks some of the Sun’s light from directly reaching the Moon with the outer part of its shadow, also known as the penumbra. Since the penumbra is much fainter than the dark core of the Earth’s shadow a penumbral eclipse is hard to distinguish from the normal Full Moon.

The World Celebrates:

● Int'l. Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
● Constitution Day of Denmark - Denmark
● International Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
● National Donut Day - Canada, United Kingdom & United States
● Denmark's Independence Day (Danmarks Grundlovsdag) - Sweden
● Fathers Day (Fars Dag) - Denmark
● Indian Arrival Day - Suriname: Indian Arrival Day is a holiday celebrated on various days in the nations of the Caribbean, Fiji, and Mauritius, commemorating the arrival of people from the Indian subcontinent to their respective nation as indentured labour brought by European colonial authorities and their agents.

ART Aficionado

Flowers in Autumn
Flowers are one of the most beautiful gifts of nature. It is a kind of ornament of nature that makes our world more beautiful and colorful. It also provides nectar to living insects and birds. It is autumn now, the blossoming of flowers is fading, the leaves and flowers are drying up and falling. However, the few flowers above are blossoming even in autumn.

Eyes behind the Lens
Ballack Moirangthem is a young student in Diligent Public School, Moirang, Manipur. His hobbies are photography, gardening and playing football.*

Click to see more.

Elon Musk

Elon Musk is a South African-born American entrepreneur and businessman who founded X.com in 1999, SpaceX in 2002, and Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk became a multimillionaire in his late 20s when he sold his start-up company, Zip2, to a division of Compaq Computers.

Read more to find out the story…

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Musk made headlines in May 2012, when SpaceX launched a rocket that would send the first investment vehicle to the International Space Station. He supported his portfolio with the purchase of SolarCity in 2016 and connected his standing as a leader of industry by taking on an advisory role in the early days of President Donald Trump's administration.
At about the time of his parents’ divorce, when he was 10, Musk revealed an interest in computers. He taught himself how to program, and when he was 12 he sold his first software: a game he created called Blastar.

On May 22, 2012, Musk and SpaceX made history when the company launched its Falcon 9 rocket into space with an unmanned capsule. The vehicle was sent to the International Space Station with 1,000 pounds of supplies for the astronauts stationed there, marking the first time a private company had sent a spacecraft to the International Space Station.
A setback came in November 2017, when an explosion occurred during a test of the company's new Block 5 Merlin engine. SpaceX reported that no one was hurt, and that the issue would not hamper its planned rollout of a future generation of Falcon 9 rockets.
In March 2017, SpaceX saw the successful test flight and landing of a Falcon 9 rocket made from reusable parts, a development that opened the door for more affordable space travel.
In July 2018, SpaceX enjoyed the successful landing of a new Block 5 Falcon rocket, which touched down on a drone ship less than 9 minutes after liftoff.

Five years after its formation, in March 2008, Tesla unveiled the Roadster, a sports car capable of accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in 3.7 seconds, as well as traveling nearly 250 miles between charges of its lithium-ion battery.

Elon musk has also the founder of:-
Zip2, X.com and PayPal, SpaceX, Tesla, SolarCity, Hyperloop, OpenAI, Neuralink, The Boring Company, Tham Luang cave rescue, Tesla Aquila, Music.
He has founded many new things and ideas that you can't even remember!

Credits: Tarini Kaushik
Reach me at: 705tk@theschoolsocial.in for any questions, advice or feedback.

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Inspiration 101, 4 Mins
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June 5, 2020
Page 2
How will you identify racism/casteism or any other wrong doings around you?

The issues with caste, race, gender etc. have been so deep-rooted in our society that even today some of us may indulge in it without realising how wrong they are. Now that the world is so closely connected, these practices of discrimination are no longer useful to us. And yet there are a lot of evil practices that go on around us. Keep reading to find out what they are:

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Here is a list of social practices that must be stopped immediately. They are:

1) Lack of trans-person children in your surrounding:

Trans-people are those who belong to a different gender. They have physiologically different bodies. But you cannot see them in your classroom, or your locality. That is because they are deprived of education and other rights. Only 15% of the total trans-person population in Delhi appears for their board exams. Don’t you think that is too low?

2) Fairness cream advertisements

A lot of our favorite celebrities come up on the screen and tell us how having fair skin will fetch us a successful life. But in reality it takes a lot of hard work and patience, and your skin colour is not a matter of concern. These advertisements or products promote racism in our society.

3) Mothers always look after the household

For a long period of time, women were made to look after the household work. This is a patriarchal practice, which dictates women to be inferior to men, and make them stay indoors. But now our mothers go to work in the office. But then they come home and work the household chores. Thus creating an inequality in a family.

4) Thinking all Muslims are terrorists
Terrorism is a serious issue in our world. But another major issue is Islamophobia. People who harm other people for their own interest are evil. They do not belong to any religion. It is a wrong idea to think that all Muslim people are evil or wrong-doers.

5) Giving old stuff to the house help
In times of festivals, we all buy new clothes and eat delicious foods. But when it comes to our house help, we offer them old worn out clothes and leftovers from the previous night. It is an old practice, where people offered the lower castes (Shudras) leftover food and used clothes or materials. Today, we must not think of them as inferior and treat them like one of us.

How many of these practices can you identify around you?

Credits: Lovely
Let me know what you think.
Write to me at papris705@thesocialschool.in for more information, opinion or queries.

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Climate Change

Curiosity, 7 Mins
Biological Sewage Treatment

In the last article, we discussed why it is important to have sewage treated before it is released into the water bodies. In this article, we’ll look at the basics of sewage treatment and understand the science behind it.
Biological sewage treatment, i.e, sewage treatment using microbes, is one of the most efficient and cost-effective ways of sewage treatment. Till date, no other artificial technique has been able to rival the efficacy of microbial sewage treatment.

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Sewage treatment is performed at Sewage Treatment Plants(STPs). It is done by utilising the heterotrophic microbes(microbes that can’t produce their own food) that are already present in the sewage. This is done in two broad steps -

1) Primary treatment - This step involves the physical removal of particles present in the sewage. This is done by filtration and sedimentation. First, floating particles are filtered out and then the grit(soil and small pebbles) is removed by sedimentation. Most of the solid particles settle down and the supernatant is taken for secondary treatment.

2) Secondary or biological treatment - The supernatant is taken into vast aeration tanks where it is constantly agitated and air is pumped into it. These conditions allow for the vigorous growth of aerobic microbes into flocs(mesh like structures of bacteria and fungal filament clumped together). While they grow with vigour, they consume all the organic material present in the sewage thereby reducing the Biological Oxygen Demand to a great extent.

Once the BOD is reduced to a value that is safe for disposal into water bodies, the effluent is passed on to settling tanks for the flocs to settle down in. Why, you may ask. It is because the bacterial flocs, if not disposed of, will continue to pollute water bodies by consuming oxygen. The sedimented flocs are collectively called activated sludge. Part of the sludge is pumped back into the aeration tank to serve as the inoculum(a jump starter for the bacterial growth). The rest is pumped into large anaerobic sludge digestion tanks where anaerobic bacteria(bacteria that don’t require oxygen to grow) feed and digest the aerobic bacteria and fungi in the sludge. During this process, copious amounts of methane, carbon dioxide, and sulphur dioxide is released which can be used as fuel. Do you know what this is called? It's biogas. Biogas can be pumped to nearby towns where it can be used as combustible fuel.

Credits - Arko De.
Reach me at: iisharpp@theschoolsocial.in

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Curiosity, 7 mins

June 5, 2020
Page 3



The Moodsters are a team of five loveable, little detectives who come to the rescue whenever there’s a feelings emergency. Each Moodster represents a different emotion including happy, angry, afraid, loving, and sad.

The Moodster Meter is one of their detective tools that helps us learn to recognize, understand and express our feelings. You can use the meter to show how you’re feeling.


The Moodster Meter gives kids a vocabulary to identify their feelings and is a tool that helps them express how they are feeling.


First color in the Moodster Meter which is like a feelings thermometer that helps us show how we are feeling.
Color Snorf/Sad blue.
Color Lolly/Loving pink.
Color Quigly/Afraid greeen.
Color Razzy/Angry red.
Color Coz/Happy yellow.

Then slide your finger up and down the Moodster Meter. Stop at the Moodster who shows how you’re feeling right now. Talk about why you feel that way.


● All feelings are ok. Sometimes we even feel several emotions at the same time.
● Talk about a time when you felt happy or sad.
● You can use the Moodster Meter at home to talk about how you’re feeling each day.

Click image to download




To everyone's surprise, Chota Bheem is marrying Rani Indumati and not her childhood friend Chutki, do you stand by #justiceforchutki?


Got Love for Words? Be a proud


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June 5, 2020
Page 4
Your Official School NEWS Repo-s-ter

Earth's magnetic field weakening, impacting orbiting satellites: Report Scientists
-Earth's magnetic field is gradually weakening in an area from Africa to South America and causing technical disturbances in orbiting satellites.
-Scientists are using data from the European Space Agency's Swarm constellation to improve understanding of this area called 'South Atlantic Anomaly.'
-Over the last 200 years, the magnetic field has lost around 9% of its strength on a global average.

3 Indian firms get the licence to make Covid-19 ventilator developed by NASA.
-Three Indian companies - Alpha Design Technologies, Bharat Forge and Medha Servo Drives - have received licences to manufacture NASA's ventilator made for critical Covid-19 patients.
- The prototype, called VITAL, was created by engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in just 37 days.


For 2020, keeping in mind the recent events, from bushfires in Brazil, the United States, and Australia to locust infestations across East Africa – and now, a global disease pandemic – the theme is ‘BIODIVERSITY’ which demonstrates the interdependence of humans and the webs of life, in which they exist.

Do you think you know everything about biodiversity?
Take this Quiz now: here!

THE Happy Pill

A Bellevue, Washington man who knows what it’ s like to grow up without a father has been doing his part to make a difference in the lives of kids today who are in the same boat—and from the surging popularity of his YouTube channel, it’ s clear he will be among the dads most showered with love this Father’ s Day. His YouTube channel, called ‘Dad, How Do I?’, aims to teach youth the valuable lessons a father is meant to teach.

Credits :@goodnewsnetwork
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June 5, 2020
Page 5
Student's Blog


Now you’d think like what on the earth is written up, but if you give it a closer look then you’ll realize that I ‘m not actually wrong.

Okay so to begin with approximately what is the percentage of jobless people in India? How much talent of people in medicine goes waste every year?
So, let’s see. This pollution in the air, no everywhere, what does it cause?
If you guessed Diseases and fatal illnesses then you are right. Absolutely right. And after we all are sick we all end up in the beautiful corners of the hospital walls, don’t we?
It creates the need for more qualified doctors, nurses and compounders. We also need more hospitals (naturally) which employs more builders, property dealers, engineers and more labor
Pollution causes deaths of people, and sometimes of those who we love the most. Sad state when someone dies close to the heart but that really doesn’t stop us from messing out, because that decreases the population. Right?
Now in the end I would like to conclude with a pledge. Let’s decide that we’ll never stop polluting because now we all know that increases employment, economy and decreases the population, which all are beneficial to the mankind. Nature doesn’t gives us mansions and so we won’t give a penny to it.

June 5, 2020 Credits

1) Lovely Sarkar - papris705@theschoolsocial.in
2) Ipsita - ipsita@theschoolsocial.in
3) Arko De - iisharpp@theschoolsocial.in
4) Tarini - 705tk@theschoolsocial.in

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