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May 16, 2020 - Issue of the Week
Vol 30, Page 1

International Day of Peace
International Day of Peace
What They Say?

“We, the peoples of the United Nations, determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal right of men and women and of nations large and small….And for these ends to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors…have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.”

Preamble, Charter of the United Nations.



Self Driving

XKCD Comic Courtesy: XKCD.COM
This Day for You - May 16

Spotlight:

International Day of Living Together in Peace - Marked by United Nations. Their mission is “to create a worldwide movement in favor of an awareness that a fraternal bond based on the Culture of Peace is a necessity for Humanity." To join the cause, we will be doing a series of 'Young Change Makers - in Focus' with personal stories of Young Adults building a positive tribe globally, starting from Monday. Keep looking for the debut-story on Young Anti-Slavery Activist Ishaan Shah.

Biographers Day - National Biographer's Day commemorates the anniversary of the first meeting of Samuel Johnson and his biographer James Boswell in London, England on May 16, 1763, and honors all biographers. A biography is a written account of another person's life.
International day of light - The International Day of Light is celebrated on 16 May each year, the anniversary of the first successful operation of the laser in 1960 by physicist and engineer, Theodore Maiman. This day is a call to strengthen scientific cooperation and harness its potential to foster peace and sustainable development.

Events:

1866 - The five cent piece, or nickel, is introduced.
1929 - The first Academy Awards were handed out in Hollywood, California.
1975 - Tabei Junko of Japan(accompanied by Ang Tsering of Nepal) became the first woman to climb the Mt. Everest summit.

Famous Birthdays:

1801 - William Seward (Purchased Alaska from Russia)
1919 - Liberace (Piano player)
1973 - Tori Spelling (Actress)
1984 - Megan Fox (Actress)
1988 - Vicky Kaushal( Indian Actor)

ART Aficionado


Art Work by Students
art
Abhiram Sharma, 6,
DPS Sushant Lok, Gurgaon
art


‘The Greatest’ sportsman of the world



Before becoming the greatest boxer of the world, Muhammad Ali faced a lot of criticism and struggle for his strong religious and political opinions. Infact before Muhammad Ali joined the Nation of Islam his name was originally Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. He was a 6’3’’ well-built man who became popular inside the boxing ring with his unorthodox freestyle defense technique. Truth be told, he was the most popular boxer of his time, and still is, with his record of winning the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship thrice. Read more to find out his story…


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Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. was born on January 17, 1942 in Louisville, Kentucky. Clay’s father was a sign and billboard painter and his mother was a domestic helper. He also had a sister and four brothers. He was a descendant of African slaves and his DNA testing in 2018 showed that he was related to Archer Alexander, a slave who was modelled for the Emancipation Memorial as a freed man.

Clay was a dyslexic child, so he had a lot of difficulties in school. He also faced major discrimination because of his colour. There is an incident narrated by his mother, where she shares how Clay was denied a glass of water in a store because he was black. When Clay was 12 years old, a police officer and boxing coach Joe E. Martin witnessed him getting tooth and nails with a thief who tried to steal his bicycle. Ever since that incident, Clay was inclined and guided towards a career of boxing.

As a boxer Ali was very efficient and had a flourishing career. But his life became difficult when he refused to fight in the Vietnam War serving the United States. He refused to serve the United States as he reflected in Islamic beliefs of maintaining peace. He also felt how he was never discriminated against by a vietnamese while the Americans called him ugly names. He even denounced his original name revealing how he felt Cassius Clay was a slave’s name.

However, due to his refusal to serve his country against Vietnam, the U.S Government denied his boxing license for four years. During this period, he went to several colleges around the country and spread messages against the Vietnam War and spoke about racial injustice. However he got back his license in 1970 with the fight against Jerry Quarry. Almost after 10 years he was diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease and that is how he had to gradually take permanent leave from the boxing ring.

Muhammad Ali was a great human being who was a victim of racism that still prevails in most part of the world. Yet his achievements and his story inspires us to rise above discrimination and live life honestly. It leads us to hope that someday we will create a world for ourselves where nobody will ever be discriminated against for any reason.

Credits: Lovely Sarkar
Reach me at: papris705@theschoolsocial.in for any questions, advice or feedback



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Inspiration 101, 4 Mins
ALL YOU NEED TO GET SMARTER.
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School E-Magazine
May 16th, 2020
Page 2
Be Better, 7 Mins
Tik-Tok - To BE or Not to BE?

A couple of years ago, the only thing tik-tok meant was the ticking sound of the clock, tick-tock, tick-tock, tick-tock. Or if you’ve read some great books, then you would relate to the prototype robotic character ‘Tik-Tok’ from the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. He also creates the sound that we hear when there is utter silence and a clock tick-tocking. Ever noticed it? Some like it, some don’t. Is the case with the new-found obsession ‘Tik-Tok’ similar too?

Tik-Tok is just 2-3 years old and the kind of noise that it has created among the people of all age groups is worth a mention. To begin with, yes, Tik-Tok is Chinese, and of all the things that are receiving hatred due to the Covid19-infection spread from China, it is under upshot too. Or if we may look at the other side of the picture: China gave us two things - one is Coronavirus (that is stooping our economy), and other is the TikTok App (that is now earning the most, trending on top in the Indian market).

But before you download the app to see what’s so special about it, let’s see what it is actually doing:
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“TikTok is a social network that has nothing to do with one’s social network,” writes Jia Tolentino, The New Yorker. It doesn’t depend on your friends and family to build your circle, rather puts your video or profile, right in the public and helps you create your own fan-base. What makes it so addictive is how it is designed to entice the user:

“When you watch a video on TikTok, you can tap a button on the screen to respond with your own video, scored to the same soundtrack. Another tap calls up a suite of editing tools, including a timer that makes it easy to film yourself. Videos become memes that you can imitate, or riff on, rapidly multiplying much the way the Ice Bucket Challenge proliferated on Facebook five years ago.” - Jia Tolentino, The New Yorker


All this showered by the instant gratification that people get with the number of likes, followers and appreciation is the magic behind it all. This is not only addictive, but also promotes unhealthy behavioral issues and mental health problems as we recently saw that “An 18-year-old youth allegedly committed suicide as he was ‘depressed for not getting enough likes for his TikTok videos’.” Recently, the Youtubers and positive social media enthusiasts have brought back a campaign against TikTok and are pressing to have the app banned in India.

But do you know how much the App is insecure about losing its fame? The last time the app was banned in India in April’19, ByteDance, the Chinese parent company, insisted that it was losing five hundred thousand dollars a day from the ban. The company announced plans to hire more local content moderators and to invest a billion dollars in India during the next three years. The ban was lifted, and the company launched a campaign: giving 3 users everyday the equivalent of fourteen hundred dollars only on posting with the hashtag #ReturnOfTikTok. If not much, this tells us that TikTok is earning quite a lot of money from India and is playing on our human behavior for its expansion in the country. Some of the more disturbing facts about TikTok are:

1. TikTok was made to pay a hefty fine of $5.7 million for leaking personal information from kids under 13 as it was a violation of the federal Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act.
2. Kids can still sign up with a fake birth date to use the full, adult version of the app, “putting them at risk for both TikTok’s commercial data uses and inappropriate contact from adults.” That makes me really scared.
3. There is nothing like original content on Tiktok. Tiktok has almost no content protection policies that will save us from violation of copyrights. You'll be surprised to know that, Duoyin, the sister app for chinese users has a very differnet set of rules, regulations and censorship policies from its global conterpart TikTok.
4. TikTok has been shrewdly designed to make people retain attention for more than thirty-minutes at once, which is a lot.

“TikTok favors whatever will hold people’s eyeballs, and it provides the incentives and the tools for people to copy that content with ease.” The platform then manipulates what it will serve us based on the interests and the cyclic-pattern would only contribute to a behaviorally exploited society. We give it traffic, content and our time, it makes use of it and generates a lot of money, seriously a lot.

Like the Tik-Tok of Baum’s stories needs winding for speech, thought and action, this TikTok also needs winding to start the entire cycle of making money. And the control of the winding is in our hands. Just before you download or upload another video, remember that the virus which has halted the entire globe through adversities, has come from the same country as this app. I’m sure you can do a lot of better things with the internet. You have the control! #BoycottTikTok

Credits: The Writer is a edupreneur, an Editor, a Social Media Expert, Digital Branding Consultant, Online Marketing Trainer and a Positivity Enthusiast, all at 27. Reach her at radhika@theschoolsocial.in.


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Be Better, 7 mins

MUST WATCH

Name That Emotion

Curiosity, 4 Mins
Curious about Animals?

You will love these mind-boggling facts.

People marvel at a snake-charmer’s pipe that makes a snake move to its music. But the fact is, that snakes cannot hear, and it is only following the movements of the pipe.
The world of animals can be understood only through close and careful observation. Let us take a peep into the world of animals.

- A blue whale’s tongue weighs as much as an elephant and its heart is the size of a car, also its veins are so gigantic that we could swim through them!

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- Some butterflies have large circular spots known as eyespots, on their wings, their purpose is to confuse an enemy into thinking that the butterfly is not a butterfly but another larger animal.

- We know that a mammal is an animal that delivers its children and feeds them through mammary glands. Do all mammals follow these rules? Are there mammals that lay eggs instead of delivering young ones? The Platypus and Echidna are special mammals because they lay eggs; these animals do not give birth to live babies as other mammals do.

- The slowest mammal in the world, sloth, has such slow bodily functions that it comes down on the ground to relieve itself only once a week! Sloths move so slowly that even at top speed they reach little more than 1 kilometre an hour. There are two types of sloths: the slowest two-toed sloth and the even slower three-toed sloth which moves at half the speed of a tortoise.

- World's fastest animals on land, sea and air :
Land: Cheetah

It achieves by far the fastest land speed of any living animal—between 112 and 120 km/h (70 and 75 mph).
Sea: Sailfish
Sailfish is a species of fish living in warmer sections of all the oceans of the world. They have been clocked at speeds of up to 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph), which is the highest speed reliably reported in a fish.
Air: Peregrine Falcon
The Peregrine Falcon, is a widespread bird of prey Peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 325 km/h (202 mph).



Credits: Ipsita
Reach me at: ipsita@theschoolsocial.in
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Curiosity, 4 mins

e-magazine
May 16th, 2020
Page 3

STAY-AT-HOME ACTIVITIES

Let’s Draw


Topic: We don’t want Tik-Tok!
Eligibility: 6 yrs to 14 yrs
Reward: Best entries will get a chance to be featured in the Art Aficionado section of the E-Magazine.

Let’s Write


Theme: How I can stop Coronavirus?
Eligibility: 8 yrs to 15 yrs
Reward: Best entries will get a chance to be featured in the E-Magazine.

WATCH THIS TED

POLL

SPOT


Do young adults play a role in spreading the message of communal peace?

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May 16th, 2020
Page 4
JOURNO JADE
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Your Official School NEWS Repo-s-ter
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The Delhi University will hold examinations for its final year post graduate and undergraduate students from July 1 and in case the situation arising out of the covid-19 outbreak does not normalise, it will adopt 'Open Book' mode to conduct the test. Under the 'Open-Book' mode of examination, the student will be able to refer to books, notes and other study materials to answer the questions.



Teen Delivers Puzzles And Handwritten Notes To Uplift Lonely Seniors.
A Pennsylvania teenager has been dropping off puzzles and handwritten letters at nursing homes to cheer up residents. Hita Gupta, she was heartbroken upon learning her regular visits to nursing homes were put on hold because of Coronavirus. So, she came up with the idea to deliver care packages to all of the nursing homes in her area stuffed with puzzles, coloring books, and handwritten notes.

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THE UN SOCIAL
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification(UNCCD)

THE UN SOCIAL
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification(UNCCD)

The UNCCD was established in 1994 to create an international, legally binding framework linking the environment and sustainable land management after the international community realized that desertification was a serious issue that needed to be addressed. The Convention addresses the drylands(arid, semi-arid, and sub-humid areas) since the most endangered ecosystems can be found in these places.

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The precursor to the UNCCD was the Plan of Action to Combat Desertification(PACD) that was adopted in 1977. However, PACD only showed “local examples of success” in terms of combating land degradation in the drylands. So, in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Degradation(UNCED) held in 1992, Rio de Janeiro, a new, integrated approach to the problem of desertification was suggested and in 1994, the UNCCD was adopted on 17th June 1994.

The UNCCD has 197 parties who work together to combat desertification, to improve the living conditions of people in the drylands, and to ameliorate the effect of droughts. The Convention adopted an integrated approach and encouraged the locals to help them tackle desertification and also adopted a comprehensive system of transfer of technology between developed and developing countries. The UNCCD collaborates with the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD), and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to solve the problems that the drylands were facing.

The recent UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework proposes a new, comprehensive solution to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality(LDN) in an attempt to restore vast areas of desertified land and thus increase productivity. Increased productivity will lead to a significant improvement in the quality of life for almost 1.3 billion people and mitigate the effect of drought on vast patches of land.

For more information, visit -
here
or here

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THE Happy Pill


Quarantine Reunites 160 Former Disneyland Cast Members to Recreate the Iconic Parade At Home–And it’ s Joyous! It’ s been 14 years since the final performance—but now 160 former Disneyland Paris cast members living all over the world have dusted off their dancing shoes in quarantine to present, one more time, The Wonderful World of Disney Parade.
Credits :@goodnewsnetwork
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May 16th, 2020
Page 5
Student's Blog

Two Gentlemen

caricature
About the Author:

“I’m Nikhil Sharma, a young adult who likes to write, sketch, paint and play in his free time. Being in a board class, nowadays I get very less time towards my interests. Two Gentlemen is one of my best narrative ones. Hope you enjoy it!”



As we drove through the foothills of the Alps,
We saw two boys selling strawberry
Their appearance told us that,
their clothes had never gone to laundry
Gazing at the two little figures, with brown skin and tangled hair,
We thought about the person who could nurture them with care
My companion spoke to them and discovered about their brother hood,
Who had to shoulder up responsibility in their childhood
Their names were Nicola and Jacopo,
Nicola was the elder brother, Jacopo was as lively as a squirrel,
but shorter than the other
What struck one most was their willingness to work,
Who always believed in working with teamwork

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They earned enough for themselves but spent not much of their money,
I asked, ‘What do you do with it if you have not tasted honey?’
I asked them, what can I do for you before leaving,
They just asked for a lift to their destination as they always went there cycling
The following afternoon we drove to the tiny village set high upon the hillside,
As my passengers leaped out I leaped to follow and hide
After following them, I found a grilled side entrance there,
After sometime, a pleasant looking women came in uniform of a trained nurse with brown hair
She led me through a cool, tiled vestibule into the hospital,
And showed me Lucia whose stage was now not much critical
I begged the nurse to tell me all she knew about the boys,
She put her finger to her lips and told me not to make noise

‘They were quiet alone in the world except for Lucia, their sister,
There Father, a widower, had been killed early in the war during Lucia’s semester
A bomb had destroyed their home and threw them into the streets of their nation,
And forced them to get exposed to cold winter and suffering from near starvation
For three years they joined the army against the Germans,
Where they had to kill people and use guns
When the war was over and we had peace at last,
They found Lucia suffering from tuberculosis for Three years of the past
In last twelve months, she made a good progress,
Her days of staying here are now very less
We could not keep going unless we charge a fee,
But her brothers every week manage the fee
At last Lucia came back to the boys,
And now there life is full of joy!
Now it is the time not to fight for peace or quit,
Because peace is not the absence of conflict
But the ability to cope with it.

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May 16, 2020 Credits

1) Lovely Sarkar - papris705@theschoolsocial.in
2) Ipsita - ipsita@theschoolsocial.in
3) Arko De - iisharpp@theschoolsocial.in
4) Tarini - 705tk@theschoolsocial.in



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